The first Black Rebels to beat American Slavery. I found this site by accident whilst perusing Seminole War information for a history presentation I have in a couple weeks. I know several people who would be considered experts on this subject and have had many hours of interesting conversations with them but the subject of the Black Seminoles gets no mileage. I hope to help change that. Looking back I see no prejudice in the exclusion, excepting perhaps Billy Johns, the Seminole Indians Historian. He was unflattering to the Miccosukee, and simply dismissed the Black Seminoles as a non entity. He DID talk about the Calusa Indians, and I hope to sit with him again someday to further explore that subject. I am keen on events that involve Blacks. One of the most frustrating things that I contend with is the lack of interest in Florida history by our Black children. I am involved in three separate efforts to bring local history into the Martin County classrooms at the fourth grade level. Anything that a Black child can wrap their minds around and call “theirs” is a victory for me. As soon as history becomes “personal” most of the “pain” in learning it disappears. This site is as well put together as any I have run across, the author J.B. Bird, does a quality job of putting together isolated incidents into the big picture. The entire story is sourced, a veritable gem in a sea of unsubstantiated statements. There is much to discuss for those interested; The illegal invasion by Andy Jackson, and the agendas of the Spanish and English, which precipitated the First Seminole War. The triggers for the Second Seminole War, a war, like this story largely ignored by mainstream America. The slave revolt and the reasons it has been downplayed. The first emancipation of American slaves.. and much, much more. REBELLION; John Horse and the Black Seminoles, the first Black Rebels to beat American Slavery. Well said. I found it interesting and disturbing that there are categories for slave rebellion. One term, a “maroon” rebellion describes a revolt by non slaves, which is decidedly less threatening than a “slave revolt” to plantation owners and the public in general, AND, it does not give rise to any “hope” of freedom by those still enslaved. This term has historically been used to describe the Black Seminoles AND the slaves that fled and revolted. This site takes all that on, please peruse it and let me know what you think. I e-mailed JB Bird yesterday thanking him for his efforts and hope to send him a link of this discussion in a couple days and see if he responds. Overview > Start here There's no one place to start, but this is recommended: Picture tour: Summary of the history in 32 pictures. Or try one of these options: Site introduction: Summary in words. Trail narrative: Heart of the site, 450 story panels organized in major segments with many interesting digressions. This is an awesome narrative, so much to learn. The prologue is great, please pass your mouse over the Presidents in panel four. John Quincy Adams, and Abraham Lincoln are interesting. Here is the text from that panel; Here's the leader of the Black Seminoles, John Horse, pictured here with Zach Taylor who fought him at the Battle of Okeechobee, the pivotal battle of the Second Seminole War. an aside; many years later the first sawmill on the Lake was at Taylor Creek, (think the City of Okeechobee) which then fed Okeechobee Lake, opened business by loading a cypress log. As the log was being cut all of a sudden all the teeth on the saw blade started flying everywhere sending the sawyers scrambling for cover. The log had a cannonball in it from the Battle of Okeechobee. It took weeks for the new teeth to arrive. Highlights & Features: Alternate routes to the story. FAQ: Frequently asked questions. If you want to read specifically about the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, visit these pages: Introduction to the slave rebellion. Information toolkit on the rebellion, for skeptics and scholars. Essays: Original articles on the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, with sources for research. Map: Map showing major U.S. slave rebellions by size and date. Overview> Introduction to the Black Seminole slave rebellion Newspaper headlines of the event; Caption info: "Massacre of the Whites by the Indians and Blacks in Florida," engraving published by D.F. Blanchard, 1836. This engraving was published by Blanchard in "An Authentic Narrative of the Seminole War: Its Cause, Rise and Progress, and a Minute Detail of the Horrid Massacres of the Whites, by the Indians and Negroes, in Florida, in the Months of December, January and February" (Providence: Printed for D.F. Blanchard and others publishers, 1836). The image purports to depict the "horrid Massacre of the Whites in Florida" from December 1835 to April 1836, when "near Four Hundred (including women and children) fell victim to the barbarity of the Negroes and Indians." Noteworthy for its frank depiction of black violence, the engraving is one of the only surviving images from early American history that depicts blacks and Indians fighting as allies. The image also appears to capture, in all its melodrama and horror, the initial Southern reaction to the Black Seminole uprising of 1835-36. Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, LC-USZ62-366. I look forward to your impressions.